Cultivating resilience among Hong Kong's underprivileged ethnic minority groups in the face of a pandemic through a social justice lens


Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


In this study, the authors investigated ways to cultivate resilience through a social justice lens among ethnic minorities against COVID-19 in Hong Kong.

A qualitative (case study) methodology was adopted to interview 15 social service providers from diverse ethnic backgrounds serving disadvantaged ethnic minority groups (South and Southeast Asian groups from low-income households, foreign domestic workers and asylum seekers/refugees).

Two major protective factors were identified, contributing to the development of resilience among diverse ethnic groups: (1) individual-based resilience (including being optimistic) and (2) socio-environmental factors (including ongoing support from strong family, peer and religious settings' support, consulates' support, on-going material and nonmaterial donations, support of young volunteers and importance of online connection and communication) using the integration of resilience and social justice frameworks.

This study showed that the protective factors were found to dynamically interact with each other and the environment. The present study recommends additional culturally sensitive service and policy implications for preventing the long-term impact of mass crises among Hong Kong's marginalized minorities.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)829-847
Number of pages19
JournalEquality, Diversity and Inclusion
Issue number7
Early online date28 Feb 2023
Publication statusPublished - 22 Aug 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was funded by the first author's affiliated university. Faculty Research Grant, No: SSFRG/20/2/1) in Hong Kong. The points of view expressed in this document are those of the authors and do not represent the official views of the institution/the funding body. The authors declare no potential conflicts of interest with respect to the research, authorship and/or publication of this article.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023, Emerald Publishing Limited.


  • Reduced inequalities
  • Ethnic minorities
  • COVID-19 pandemic
  • Resilience
  • Social justice
  • Good health and well-being


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