Cultural Omnivorousness and Status Inconsistency in Chile : The Role of Objective and Subjective Social Status

Francisco OLIVOS*, Peng WANG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


Sociological research has long suggested that cultural participation is socially stratified. We build on this literature to discuss the role of the subjective and objective dimensions of stratification and how they are linked to practices of social distinction through cultural consumption. The aim of this study is to understand (1) the effect of subjective and objective social status on patterns of cultural participation and (2) the implications of the status inconsistency. We use a probabilistic and representative sample of the Chilean urban population older than the age of 18. Latent class analyses show that a significant proportion of Chileans can be considered cultural omnivores. Multinomial diagonal reference models suggest that omnivorousness is positively predicted by subjective and objective social status. Moreover, regarding inconsistency, objective social status is prominent in the explanation of omnivorousness for both status-underestimating and status-overestimating individuals. These findings provide important insights for discussing the implications of status inconsistency on cultural consumption.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)736–758
Number of pages23
JournalSociological Research Online
Issue number3
Early online date11 Apr 2022
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
Francisco Olivos acknowledges the support of the Hong Kong PhD Fellowship Scheme. We are grateful to the editor and reviewers for their suggestions that improved this article. We also thank Saoussane Ghali, Pablo Geraldo, and Alexis Sossa for their comments on the previous version of the manuscript. We thank the generosity of Tak Wing Chan and Heather Turner for their advice on estimating multinomial diagonal reference models and for openly sharing their codes. All the errors and omissions are ours.

Publisher Copyright:
© The Author(s) 2022.


  • Diagonal reference models
  • Latin America
  • Objective social status
  • Omnivorousness
  • Status inconsistency
  • Subjective social status


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