Culturally relevant personality assessment

Fanny M. CHEUNG, Yuen Wan HO

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsBook ChapterResearchpeer-review


Throughout history, different systems have been developed to classify personality traits. Early systems were based on physiognomy, phrenology, facial and skeletal features, body types, or body fluids. More scientific studies of personality in psychology began in the early twentieth century when objective personality tests were developed with proven psychometric properties. Most of these tests were grounded in theories and research from Western cultures. As personality research and assessment are increasingly adopted in other non-Western cultures, questions have been raised about the cultural relevance of the existing theories and measures. In this chapter, we review the stages of cross-cultural personality assessment in psychology to address the issue of cultural relevance in personality assessment, and illustrate how indigenously derived measures, such as the Cross-Cultural Personality Assessment Inventory (CPAI-2) originating from the Chinese cultural context, can supplement the assumptions of universal models of personality in providing a more comprehensive understanding of personality in cultural contexts.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationDiversity in harmony : insights from psychology : proceedings of the 31st International Congress of Psychology
EditorsKazuo SHIGEMASU, Sonoko KUWANO , Takao SATO, Tetsuro MATSUZAWA
Place of PublicationHoboken
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons, Ltd
Number of pages19
ISBN (Electronic)9781119362081
ISBN (Print)9781119362074
Publication statusPublished - 10 Aug 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This chapter is based on the keynote address presented by the first author at the 31st International Congress of Psychology held in Yokohama, Japan, July 24–29, 2016. The keynote address summarized the major findings from her ongoing research program in cross‐cultural personality assessment which have been previously reported in the publications by her research team cited in this chapter. The research projects are partially supported by the Hong Kong Research Grants Council General Research Fund (CUHK4333/ 00H, CUHK4326/01H, CUHK4259/03H, CUHK4715/06H, CUHK449312, CUHK441609, CUHK441812) as well as the Chinese University of Hong Kong Direct Grant (2020662, 220202030, 2020933, 2020994, 2021014).


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