Decision making by Chinese and U.S. Students

Karen L. HARRIS, Roger NIBLER

    Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

    7 Citations (Scopus)

    Abstract

    Differential outcomes and processes were examined between groups drawn from Hong Kong Chinese students and U.S. students. Predictions about group performance and processes were based on cross-cultural empirical literature, theoretical work on collectivist and individualist social behaviors, and group research. The participants engaged in decision-making tasks, first as individuals and then by consensus in groups of 5. A group-effectiveness measure was developed: A group was considered effective if the group as a whole outperformed a majority of its individual members. According to the results of a postexercise questionnaire, (a) Chinese ingroups had a higher percentage of effective groups than did Chinese minimal (acquaintance) groups, whereas U.S. minimal groups had a higher percentage of effective groups than did U.S. ingroups; (b) although the Chinese ingroups' deliberation times were nearly 3 times longer than those of the U.S. ingroups, their performance accuracy was not superior to that of the U.S. groups; and (c) the Chinese participants were more concerned than the U.S. participants about an appropriate image and perceived their group discussions as more intense and conflict ridden than the U.S. participants did.
    Original languageEnglish
    Pages (from-to)102-114
    Number of pages13
    JournalJournal of Social Psychology
    Volume138
    Issue number1
    DOIs
    Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 1998

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    Decision Making
    Students
    Group Processes
    Social Behavior
    Hong Kong
    Consensus
    Research
    Conflict (Psychology)
    Surveys and Questionnaires

    Cite this

    HARRIS, Karen L. ; NIBLER, Roger. / Decision making by Chinese and U.S. Students. In: Journal of Social Psychology. 1998 ; Vol. 138, No. 1. pp. 102-114.
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    Decision making by Chinese and U.S. Students. / HARRIS, Karen L.; NIBLER, Roger.

    In: Journal of Social Psychology, Vol. 138, No. 1, 01.01.1998, p. 102-114.

    Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

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