Demographic and epidemiological transition

Kevin MCCRACKEN, David Rosser PHILLIPS

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsEntry for encyclopedia/dictionaryResearchpeer-review

1 Scopus Citations

Abstract

Demographic transition refers to the shift in vital rates within population groups at various geographical scales from a pattern of high birth (fertility) and death (mortality) rates to one of low rates. Epidemiologic(al) transition, a somewhat more recent concept, considers patterns of mortality change and causes of death (and sometimes ill health) from patterns dominated by infectious diseases to those in which chronic, degenerative physical ailments predominate, and increasingly mental ill-health conditions, including dementias. Paralleling both these transitions are recognized related changes such as “nutrition transition” and aging transition. All these patterns are evident internationally, regionally, and locally, but it is recognized that they may not be unidirectional. Indeed, different “speeds” of transition may occur in different places and sometimes reverses or mixed patterns may be observed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe International Encyclopedia of Geography
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages1379-1386
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781118786352
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2017

Fingerprint

mortality
demographic transition
population group
cause of death
health
dementia
nutrition
contagious disease
fertility
death

Keywords

  • Age
  • economic development
  • epidemiology
  • health
  • inequality
  • modernization
  • population(s)
  • public health
  • urbanization

Cite this

MCCRACKEN, K., & PHILLIPS, D. R. (2017). Demographic and epidemiological transition. In The International Encyclopedia of Geography (pp. 1379-1386). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118786352.wbieg0063
MCCRACKEN, Kevin ; PHILLIPS, David Rosser. / Demographic and epidemiological transition. The International Encyclopedia of Geography. Wiley-Blackwell, 2017. pp. 1379-1386
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MCCRACKEN, K & PHILLIPS, DR 2017, Demographic and epidemiological transition. in The International Encyclopedia of Geography. Wiley-Blackwell, pp. 1379-1386. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118786352.wbieg0063

Demographic and epidemiological transition. / MCCRACKEN, Kevin; PHILLIPS, David Rosser.

The International Encyclopedia of Geography. Wiley-Blackwell, 2017. p. 1379-1386.

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsEntry for encyclopedia/dictionaryResearchpeer-review

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MCCRACKEN K, PHILLIPS DR. Demographic and epidemiological transition. In The International Encyclopedia of Geography. Wiley-Blackwell. 2017. p. 1379-1386 https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118786352.wbieg0063