Demographic and epidemiological transition

Kevin MCCRACKEN, David Rosser PHILLIPS

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsReference Entry

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Demographic transition refers to the shift in vital rates within population groups at various geographical scales from a pattern of high birth (fertility) and death (mortality) rates to one of low rates. Epidemiologic(al) transition, a somewhat more recent concept, considers patterns of mortality change and causes of death (and sometimes ill health) from patterns dominated by infectious diseases to those in which chronic, degenerative physical ailments predominate, and increasingly mental ill-health conditions, including dementias. Paralleling both these transitions are recognized related changes such as “nutrition transition” and aging transition. All these patterns are evident internationally, regionally, and locally, but it is recognized that they may not be unidirectional. Indeed, different “speeds” of transition may occur in different places and sometimes reverses or mixed patterns may be observed.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationThe International Encyclopedia of Geography
PublisherWiley-Blackwell
Pages1379-1386
Number of pages8
ISBN (Print)9781118786352
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 6 Mar 2017

Keywords

  • Age
  • economic development
  • epidemiology
  • health
  • inequality
  • modernization
  • population(s)
  • public health
  • urbanization

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  • Cite this

    MCCRACKEN, K., & PHILLIPS, D. R. (2017). Demographic and epidemiological transition. In The International Encyclopedia of Geography (pp. 1379-1386). Wiley-Blackwell. https://doi.org/10.1002/9781118786352.wbieg0063