Demographic and health surveys showed widening trends in polio immunisation inequalities in Guinea

Betregiorgis ZEGEYE, Ziad EL-KHATIB*, Olanrewaju OLADIMEJI, Bright Opoku AHINKORAH, Edward Kwabena AMEYAW, Abdul Aziz SEIDU, Eugene BUDU, Sanni YAYA

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

1 Citation (Scopus)

Abstract

Aim:
This study examined trends in absolute and relative socio-economic, gender and geographical inequalities in the coverage of polio immunisation in Guinea, West Africa, from 1999 to 2016.

Methods:
Data from the 1999, 2005 and 2012 Guinea Demographic and Health Survey and the 2016 Guinea Multiple Indicator Cluster Survey were analysed using the World Health Organization's health equity assessment toolkit. We disaggregated polio immunisation coverage using five equity stratifiers: household economic status, maternal educational level, place of residence, child's gender and region. The four summary measures used were the difference, ratio, population attributable risk and population attributable fraction. A 95% confidence interval (CI) was constructed around point estimates to measure statistical significance.

Results:
A total of 4778 1-year-old children were included. Polio immunisation coverage in 1999, 2005, 2012 and 2016 were 43.4%, 50.7%, 51.2% and 38.6%, respectively. Socio-economic and geographical inequalities in polio immunisation favoured children with educated mothers who came from richer families living in urban areas. There were also differences in the eight regions over the 1999–2016 study period.

Conclusion:
Targeting children from disadvantaged subgroups must be prioritised to ensure equitable immunisation services that help to eradicate polio in Guinea.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)3334-3342
Number of pages9
JournalActa Paediatrica, International Journal of Paediatrics
Volume110
Issue number12
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Dec 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
No funding was received for this work

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021 The Authors. Acta Paediatrica published by John Wiley & Sons Ltd on behalf of Foundation Acta Paediatrica

Keywords

  • global health
  • Guinea
  • inequality
  • polio immunisation
  • trends

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