Developing e-reading pedagogies informed by research

Ángel GARRALDA ORTEGA*, Abel Hon Man CHEUNG, Michelle Yuen Shan FONG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


This paper explores whether the reading comprehension of complex texts can be facilitated through an online reading platform designed for novice readers with English proficiencies below the Cognitive Academic Language Proficiency (CALP) threshold. We hypothesize that computer-mediated text glosses could speed up lower-level processing in the readers' working memory and thus enhance the overall comprehension of complex texts for study purposes. We tested 46 participants with estimated International English Language Testing System (IELTS) reading scores between 5 and 5.5, sampled from a pool of 1,406 students who took a diagnostic reading test and 631 students who completed a survey on their reading practices. Our participants were randomly assigned to read one General Reading IELTS text and one Academic Reading IELTS text, either on an on-screen Word file or on the e-reading platform with the glossing tool. The tests were video-recorded and the participants completed post-test interviews for further qualitative analysis. While the Mixed-model ANOVA did not suggest an interaction effect between the two language proficiency categories and the mode in which the tests were administered, it revealed a main effect on the use of online reading (p < 0.01) across the 5-5.5 IELTS spectrum, indicating that the electronic glosses enhanced reading comprehension. Implications for further research and pedagogy are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)455-481
Number of pages27
JournalJournal of World Languages
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 the author(s), published by De Gruyter, Berlin/Boston.


  • design-based research
  • electronic glossing
  • e-reading instruction


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