Development of distance education in Chinese higher education in perspectives of accessibility, quality, and equity under COVID-19

Ying Emma CHEN (Presenter), Angela Yung Chi HOU

Research output: Other Conference ContributionsPresentationPresentation

Abstract

Purpose - This paper aimed to explore the development of distance education (DE) in Chinese higher education as well as the three significant themes: accessibility, quality, and equity in Chinese DE, and how would these three themes affect Chinese DE in higher education.
Design/methodology/approach - Document analysis was used as the major research method in this study to examine the development and challenges in terms of accessibility, quality, and equity in Chinese DE. In this study, national-level official policy documents and reports from the Chinese government were collected and analyzed. Also, scientific articles from CNKI were analyzed to find out the evolution of the frontier topics on Chinese DE in Accessibility, Quality, and Equity.
Findings - First, analysis of the national-level policies and regulations has revealed that the Chinese government has shown its positive attitude towards DE in higher education. Second, the number of articles in the accessibility of DE was lower than the other two themes, and the problems of accessing online courses were insufficiently caused by content two reasons, one was lacking basic ICT literacy, another was poor Internet infrastructure. Third, there was a gap between Chinese policies and research articles, which caused by ignoring the unbalanced development of accessibility in policy management and research articles.
Research limitations/implications - Although this paper has summarized the development of the DE in Chinese higher education, it was clear that the accessibility, quality, and equity were three critical issues in DE. However, there are still other essential factors that contribute to the development of DE require further investigation, such as learner’s satisfaction, different features of learning platforms, and instructional strategy.
Originality/value - This study showed some significant policies released by the Chinese government towards DE in higher education and revealed the achievements, trends, and challenges in the accessibility, quality, and equity of Chinese DE.

Seminar

SeminarNational Chengchi University–Lingnan University International Research Seminar 2020
Abbreviated titleThe 3rd NCCU-Lingnan International Research Seminar
Country/TerritoryTaiwan, Province of China
Period4/12/204/12/20
Internet address

Bibliographical note

Abstract published in The 3rd NCCU-Lingnan International Research Seminar : The Impact of COVID-19 Pandemic on Higher Education Policies: International Mobility, Student Learning Outcomes, and Research Development : Program, 2020, p. 9.

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