Development of Emotional Autonomy of Adolescents in the Context of Family Relations and Academic Performance in Middle School

Shuya XIAO*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


The relevance of the study is explained by the fact that adolescence is a critical period of development when
essential changes in the personality occur. Achieving personal autonomy is an urgent problem because it indicates the
development of the independence of an adolescent and their ability to choose their life goals based on an independent and
free choice. In this regard, the purpose of the study is to analyse and diagnose the development of emotional and spiritual
independence in adolescents based on the connection with school performance and family environment. The leading
techniques for investigating this problem were analysis, classification, observation, experiment, generalisation, and
comparison of results. The study identified the role of parents in the development of independence of an adolescent and
the connection of this process with success at school; demonstrated aspects and features of the psychological and
pedagogical process; etc. A detailed analysis of the literature was conducted and the content, characteristics, and features
of this phenomenon were clarified; various forms of parental influence on an adolescent and their psychological
autonomy were discovered; the process of indirect influence on children's academic success was considered and other.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)58-64
Number of pages7
JournalPolish Psychological Bulletin
Issue number1
Early online dateJul 2023
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023. The Authors. Published by Committee for Psychological Science of Polish Academy of Sciences.


  • psychosocial development
  • adolescence
  • psychological maturation
  • emotional maturity
  • psychological characteristics
  • academic success


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