Do national levels of individualism and internal locus of control relate to well-being : An ecological level international study

Paul E. Spector*, Cary L. Cooper, Juan I. Sanchez, Michael O'Driscoll, Kate Sparks, Peggy Bernin, Andre Büssing, Phil Dewe, Peter Hart, Luo Lu, Karen Miller, Lucio Flavio Renault De Moraes, Gabrielle M. Ostrognay, Milan Pagon, Horea Pitariu, Steven Poelmans, Phani Radhakrishnan, Vesselina Russinova, Vladimir Salamatov, Jesus SalgadoSatoru Shima, Oi Ling Siu, Jean Benjamin Stora, Mare Teichmann, Töres Theorell, Peter Vlerick, Mina Westman, Maria Widerszal-Bazyl, Paul Wong, Shanfa Yu

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

82 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Data were collected from managers in 24 nations/territories on work locus of control (LOC), individualism-collectivism (I-C), and well-being (job satisfaction, absence of psychological strain, and absence of physical strain). There were significant mean differences across samples on all five of these measures, and consistent with our hypothesis, at the ecological or sample mean level well-being was associated with an internal locus of control. However, contrary to our hypothesis, well-being was not associated with I-C, despite a strong correlation between I-C and LOC. Findings at the ecological level were consistent with the literature concerning the salutary effects of control on well-being.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)815-832
Number of pages18
JournalJournal of Organizational Behavior
Volume22
Issue number8
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Dec 2001

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Spector, P. E., Cooper, C. L., Sanchez, J. I., O'Driscoll, M., Sparks, K., Bernin, P., Büssing, A., Dewe, P., Hart, P., Lu, L., Miller, K., Renault De Moraes, L. F., Ostrognay, G. M., Pagon, M., Pitariu, H., Poelmans, S., Radhakrishnan, P., Russinova, V., Salamatov, V., ... Yu, S. (2001). Do national levels of individualism and internal locus of control relate to well-being : An ecological level international study. Journal of Organizational Behavior, 22(8), 815-832. https://doi.org/10.1002/job.118