Do recovery experiences moderate the relationship between workload and work-family conflict?

Monica MOLINO, Claudio G. CORTESE, Arnold B. BAKKER, Chiara GHISLIERI

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

40 Citations (Scopus)


Purpose – The purpose of this paper is to investigate the role of four recovery experiences (psychological detachment from work, relaxation, mastery, and control) in preventing work-family conflict (WFC). Specifically, on the basis of WFC and recovery theories the authors hypothesized that workload would be positively related to WFC, and that recovery experiences would moderate this relationship. Design/methodology/approach – The research involved 597 Italian employees (on pay-role or self-employed) from different occupational sectors. Participants filled-in an on-line questionnaire. Moderated structural equation modelling were used to test the hypotheses. Findings – Results showed a positive relationship of workload with WFC. Regarding the hypothesized interaction effects, the relationship between workload and WFC was particularly strong under condition of low (vs high) psychological detachment, low relaxation, and low control. Originality/value – This study highlights the beneficial role of recovery experiences in preventing the spillover of workload to the family domain, showing their moderating effects for the first time. These findings have several implications for both future research and practitioners.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)686-702
Number of pages17
JournalCareer Development International
Issue number7
Publication statusPublished - 2015


  • Work-family conflict
  • Psychological well-being
  • Recovery experiences
  • Workload


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