Does having multiple identities predict life satisfaction? Holistic thinking as a condition for achieving integrated self-concept

Hilary K. Y. NG*, Sylvia Xiaohua CHEN, Jacky C. K. NG, Ting Kin NG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


In today’s diverse and mobile world, it is common for people to engage in different roles, which make their self-concept more complex and layered, hence enriching their cognitive and behavioural repertoires. Given the importance of the self-concept, it is worthwhile to further understand the process and condition of the self on psychological functioning. The present research aims to investigate the effect of multiple identities on life satisfaction and identify the mechanism underlying this linkage and its boundary condition. We hypothesised a moderated mediation model with multiple identities predicting life satisfaction through identity integration, and the development of a cohesive self-concept depends largely on people’s holistic thinking, a cognitive tendency to attend to the linkages among objects and orient towards the context or field as a whole, instead of focusing on the unique properties of discrete objects. Results converged from Study 1 (N = 383) and Study 2 (N = 210) to support the mediating effect of identity integration on the association between multiple identities and life satisfaction. Moreover, we found in Study 2 that the relation between multiple identities and life satisfaction was significant when holistic thinking was high or moderate, but not when holistic thinking was low. In sum, the present research provided empirical evidence that identity integration represents the key mechanism, whereas holistic thinking represents the key condition in determining how multiple identities can be associated with life satisfaction.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)789-799
Number of pages11
JournalCurrent Psychology
Issue number1
Early online date15 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Jan 2023

Bibliographical note

The research was supported in part by the Departmental General Research Grant (P0014017) from the Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

All procedures performed in studies involving human participants were in accordance with the ethical standards of the institutional and/or national research committee and with the 1964 Helsinki Declaration and its later amendments or comparable ethical standards. The study was approved by the Human Subjects Ethics Sub-committee of The Hong Kong Polytechnic University.

Publisher Copyright:
© 2021, The Author(s), under exclusive licence to Springer Science+Business Media, LLC part of Springer Nature.


  • Holistic thinking
  • Identities
  • Identity integration
  • Life satisfaction
  • Self


Dive into the research topics of 'Does having multiple identities predict life satisfaction? Holistic thinking as a condition for achieving integrated self-concept'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this