Economic inequality is linked to biased self-perception

Steve LOUGHNAN, Peter KUPPENS, Jüri ALLIK, Katalin BALAZS, Soledad DE LEMUS, Kitty DUMONT, Rafael GARGUREVICH, Istvan HIDEGKUTI, Bernhard LEIDNER, Lennia MATOS, Joonha PARK, Anu REALO, Junqi SHI, Victor Eduardo SOJO, Yuk-yue Tong, Jeroen Vaes, Philippe Verduyn, Wai Lan Vicki YEUNG, Nick HASLAM

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

62 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

People’s self-perception biases often lead them to see themselves as better than the average person (a phenomenon known as self-enhancement). This bias varies across cultures, and variations are typically explained using cultural variables, such as individualism versus collectivism. We propose that socioeconomic differences among societies—specifically, relative levels of economic inequality—play an important but unrecognized role in how people evaluate themselves. Evidence for self-enhancement was found in 15 diverse nations, but the magnitude of the bias varied. Greater self-enhancement was found in societies with more income inequality, and income inequality predicted cross-cultural differences in self-enhancement better than did individualism/collectivism. These results indicate that macrosocial differences in the distribution of economic goods are linked to microsocial processes of perceiving the self.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1254-1258
Number of pages5
JournalPsychological Science
Volume22
Issue number10
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Oct 2011
Externally publishedYes

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LOUGHNAN, S., KUPPENS, P., ALLIK, J., BALAZS, K., DE LEMUS, S., DUMONT, K., ... HASLAM, N. (2011). Economic inequality is linked to biased self-perception. Psychological Science, 22(10), 1254-1258. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797611417003
LOUGHNAN, Steve ; KUPPENS, Peter ; ALLIK, Jüri ; BALAZS, Katalin ; DE LEMUS, Soledad ; DUMONT, Kitty ; GARGUREVICH, Rafael ; HIDEGKUTI, Istvan ; LEIDNER, Bernhard ; MATOS, Lennia ; PARK, Joonha ; REALO, Anu ; SHI, Junqi ; SOJO, Victor Eduardo ; Tong, Yuk-yue ; Vaes, Jeroen ; Verduyn, Philippe ; YEUNG, Wai Lan Vicki ; HASLAM, Nick. / Economic inequality is linked to biased self-perception. In: Psychological Science. 2011 ; Vol. 22, No. 10. pp. 1254-1258.
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LOUGHNAN, S, KUPPENS, P, ALLIK, J, BALAZS, K, DE LEMUS, S, DUMONT, K, GARGUREVICH, R, HIDEGKUTI, I, LEIDNER, B, MATOS, L, PARK, J, REALO, A, SHI, J, SOJO, VE, Tong, Y, Vaes, J, Verduyn, P, YEUNG, WLV & HASLAM, N 2011, 'Economic inequality is linked to biased self-perception', Psychological Science, vol. 22, no. 10, pp. 1254-1258. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797611417003

Economic inequality is linked to biased self-perception. / LOUGHNAN, Steve; KUPPENS, Peter; ALLIK, Jüri; BALAZS, Katalin; DE LEMUS, Soledad; DUMONT, Kitty; GARGUREVICH, Rafael; HIDEGKUTI, Istvan; LEIDNER, Bernhard; MATOS, Lennia; PARK, Joonha; REALO, Anu; SHI, Junqi; SOJO, Victor Eduardo; Tong, Yuk-yue; Vaes, Jeroen; Verduyn, Philippe; YEUNG, Wai Lan Vicki; HASLAM, Nick.

In: Psychological Science, Vol. 22, No. 10, 01.10.2011, p. 1254-1258.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

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AU - DUMONT, Kitty

AU - GARGUREVICH, Rafael

AU - HIDEGKUTI, Istvan

AU - LEIDNER, Bernhard

AU - MATOS, Lennia

AU - PARK, Joonha

AU - REALO, Anu

AU - SHI, Junqi

AU - SOJO, Victor Eduardo

AU - Tong, Yuk-yue

AU - Vaes, Jeroen

AU - Verduyn, Philippe

AU - YEUNG, Wai Lan Vicki

AU - HASLAM, Nick

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N2 - People’s self-perception biases often lead them to see themselves as better than the average person (a phenomenon known as self-enhancement). This bias varies across cultures, and variations are typically explained using cultural variables, such as individualism versus collectivism. We propose that socioeconomic differences among societies—specifically, relative levels of economic inequality—play an important but unrecognized role in how people evaluate themselves. Evidence for self-enhancement was found in 15 diverse nations, but the magnitude of the bias varied. Greater self-enhancement was found in societies with more income inequality, and income inequality predicted cross-cultural differences in self-enhancement better than did individualism/collectivism. These results indicate that macrosocial differences in the distribution of economic goods are linked to microsocial processes of perceiving the self.

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LOUGHNAN S, KUPPENS P, ALLIK J, BALAZS K, DE LEMUS S, DUMONT K et al. Economic inequality is linked to biased self-perception. Psychological Science. 2011 Oct 1;22(10):1254-1258. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797611417003