北京高校创业教育对本专科生创业意向的影响机制 : 基于学生参与视角的实证分析

Translated title of the contribution: Effects of Entrepreneurship education in Beijing Colleges on Students’ Intention of Venture Creation: Through Perspectives of Student Engagement

朱红, 张优良

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

Abstract

创业已经成为当今世界经济发展的强劲推动力。中国的经济发展正处于转型期,加快
建设国家创新体系刻不容缓。近年来,中国高校积极开展创新创业教育实践。高校创业教育对于创新性人才的培养具有重要意义。本研究从学生参与的角度出发,探讨中国高校不同创业教育形式,对大学生创业意向及专业匹配度的影响机制。研究发现:高校创业教育能显著提高学生的创业意向,并且会降低学生创业中的盲目和非理性因素,提升创业意向与所学专业的匹配程度。在首都地区高校,大学生创业已经逐步摆脱“生存创业”的困境,出现主动创业、高质量创新创业的趋势。目前大学生的创业教育参与度不高。随着高校精英性的上升,学生的创业参与程度和创业意向呈现下降趋势。进入大学之前的创业梦想会极大提高毕业后创业的可能性。大学生对社会规范性、创业优惠政策的感知,会显著影响其创业意向及其质量。创业意向的性别差异非常显著,需要加强创业教育中性别差异的研究,提供更为适宜女性的创业教育形式及创业优惠政策。

Innovation has become an significant impellent force in the economic development in the world. Entrepreneurship education in Chinese higher education plays an important role in cultivating creative human capital for promoting national innovation. Using mixed research methods and through student engagement perspectives, this study examined effects of college entrepreneurship education on promoting undergraduate students’ intentions of venture creation. The main conclusions included that : Entrepreneurship education in Beijing colleges had promoted student intentions of starting business; however, student engagement in entrepreneurship education was still low, especially in research universities; having intentions of starting own business before entering colleges was a significantly critical factor shaping college students’ intentions after graduation; students’ feeling to environments that were suitable for creating business impacted their intentions.
Translated title of the contributionEffects of Entrepreneurship education in Beijing Colleges on Students’ Intention of Venture Creation: Through Perspectives of Student Engagement
Original languageChinese (Simplified)
Pages (from-to)100-107
Number of pages8
Journal清华大学教育研究 = Tsinghua Journal of Education
Volume35
Issue number6
Publication statusPublished - 10 Dec 2014
Externally publishedYes

Keywords

  • 创业教育
  • 创业意向
  • 大学生就业

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