Effects of technology parameters on stress in silicon-graphite based multilayer electrodes for lithium ion batteries

Zhuo WANG, Caisheng LI, Jun SHI, Huiyu HUANG, Cuiying DAI, Weiguo MAO*, Xi CHEN, Daining FANG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Stress in a multilayer electrode for a lithium ion battery (LIB) generated by the insertion of lithium ions results in the mechanical degradation and failure of the electrode, as well as the deterioration of the electrochemical properties of the battery. In this paper, the effective deformation of a composite active layer caused by the distortion of active material in the electrochemical process was predicted as a function of state of charge (SOC). A general analytical solution of in-plane stress in a multilayer electrode for a LIB was derived with respect to the geometry parameters, material properties, and SOC. The effects produced by the thickness ratio of the current collector to the composite active layer, porosity of the composite active layer, and mass ratio of silicon to graphite on the variation and distribution of in-plane stress in both two-layered and symmetric three-layered silicon-graphite (SG) based electrodes were appraised and discussed. Based on the stress analysis, some optimized design strategies for SG based multilayer LIB electrodes are suggested. © 2019 IOP Publishing Ltd.
Original languageEnglish
Article number345501
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of Physics D: Applied Physics
Issue number34
Publication statusPublished - 19 Jun 2019
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11572277, 11772287, 11802260), the Young and Middle-aged Scholar Training Program of Hunan Province Association for Science and Technology (2017TJ-Q02), the Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (No. 2018JJ3490), and the Hunan Provincial Innovation Foundation for Postgraduate (CX2016B256).


  • lithium ion battery
  • mechano-chemical coupling
  • silicon-graphite electrode
  • stress model
  • technology parameter


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