Efficacy beliefs, sense of unfairness, and participation in LULU activism

Ting LIU, Yung YAU*, Dinghuan YUAN

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


Many waste management facilities are locally unwanted land uses (LULUs). While the issue of LULU siting has attracted significant academic attention, attempts to explain local residents’ participation in social movements against LULUs are limited. In particular, knowledge about how proxy efficacy belief and sense of unfairness shape individuals’ participation in collective actions is limited. Building upon the collective interest model, this study develops a theoretical model for explaining local residents’ participation in social movements against proposals related to LULU siting. The model is tested with the empirical data obtained in Hong Kong. The analysis results reveal that perceived self, group and proxy efficacies, perception of unfairness in the siting process, collective identity of victim, and peer influence are determinants of local activism against LULUs. These discoveries enrich the body of knowledge on the exercise of siting LULUs and opposition from local communities. The findings also contribute to better understanding of the roles of different efficacy beliefs in social mobilization. Research limitations and potentials for future research are discussed.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)24-33
Number of pages10
Publication statusPublished - 31 Dec 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd


  • Collective interest model
  • Locally unwanted land use
  • Proxy efficacy
  • Siting conflict
  • Social movement
  • Unfairness


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