Lianjiang Li is assistant professor at the Department of Government and International Studies of Hong Kong Baptist University. He would like to thank the following institutions for their financial support: Asia Foundation, the Research Grants Council of Hong Kong, Hong Kong Baptist University, and Henry Luce Foundation. He would also like to acknowledge a grant for Research and Writing from the John D. and Catherine T. MacArthur Foundation (Grant No. 00-66954-000). For helpful comments on earlier drafts, he thanks Anita Chan, Thomas Bernstein, Zhenglin Guo, Baogang He, You-tien Hsing, M. Kent Jennings, Linda Chelan Li, Melanie Manion, Emerson Niou, Kevin O’Brien, Jean Oi, Jonathan Unger, Yongnian Zheng, and an anonymous referee.