Elite schools, magnet classes, and academic performances : Regression-discontinuity evidence from China

Jia WU, Xiangdong WEI, Hongliang ZHANG, Xiang ZHOU

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

Abstract

Employing a unique data from a county in rural China, we use the regression-discontinuity design to study the causal effects of elite school and magnet class enrollment. Our data contains two admissive processes, allowing us to separately examine elite school and magnet class effects on two groups of students with different abilities. Results show that enrollment in elite schools has small and insignificant effect on borderline student scores in the college entrance examination, whereas studying at a magnet class can significantly boast borderline student CEE score by 0.435 standard deviations. We provide suggestive evidence that teacher effect is roughly 40% of the magnitude of the peer effects associated with the score gain in magnet classes. We also find magnet class experience can improve the probability of entering high-quality academic universities. By comparing the effects of two cutoffs with different student abilities, our findings support the claim that the effect of elite school/magnet class enrollment depends on student abilities.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)143-167
Number of pages25
JournalChina Economic Review
Volume55
Early online date13 Mar 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2019

Fingerprint

Elites
Academic performance
China
Regression discontinuity
Enrollment
Peer effects
Standard deviation
Rural China
Central Eastern Europe
Regression discontinuity design
Causal effect

Keywords

  • Elite school
  • Magnet class
  • Peer effects
  • Student ability
  • Teacher effects

Cite this

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abstract = "Employing a unique data from a county in rural China, we use the regression-discontinuity design to study the causal effects of elite school and magnet class enrollment. Our data contains two admissive processes, allowing us to separately examine elite school and magnet class effects on two groups of students with different abilities. Results show that enrollment in elite schools has small and insignificant effect on borderline student scores in the college entrance examination, whereas studying at a magnet class can significantly boast borderline student CEE score by 0.435 standard deviations. We provide suggestive evidence that teacher effect is roughly 40{\%} of the magnitude of the peer effects associated with the score gain in magnet classes. We also find magnet class experience can improve the probability of entering high-quality academic universities. By comparing the effects of two cutoffs with different student abilities, our findings support the claim that the effect of elite school/magnet class enrollment depends on student abilities.",
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Elite schools, magnet classes, and academic performances : Regression-discontinuity evidence from China. / WU, Jia; WEI, Xiangdong; ZHANG, Hongliang; ZHOU, Xiang.

In: China Economic Review, Vol. 55, 06.2019, p. 143-167.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

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