Emotion Dysregulation Mediating Associations Among Work Stress, Burnout, and Problem Gambling: A Serial Multiple Mediation Model

Catherine So-kum TANG, Mathew Sheng Mian LIM, Jie Min KOH, Yue Lok Francis CHEUNG

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

Abstract

This study aimed to examine psychological mechanisms underlying work stress and burnout that may increase the risk of problem gambling. A serial multiple mediation model is proposed to specify that work stress (high job demand-low job control) can deplete employee resources and lead to burnout. Employees who have emotion dysregulation may engage in gambling to escape or avoid burnout and negative emotions at work. Over time, these employees may become increasingly rely on gambling to cope with their burnout experience, leading to problem gambling. A total of 1233 full-time employees in the United States completed a web survey on work stress. Results supported the proposed serial multiple mediation model. The indirect effect of work stress on problem gambling first through burnout then through emotion dysregulation was significant. The direct effect of work stress on problem gambling was reduced to nonsignificance after controlling for the two mediators (burnout and emotion dysregulation). When the two mediators were considered together in the specified sequence, the indirect effects of work stress on problem gambling through individual mediators were also reduced to nonsignificance. Gender was a nonsignificant moderator, and pathways of the proposed serial multiple mediation model were similar for men and women. Supplementary analyses did not support an alternate sequence of mediators. The present findings suggest that prevention and treatment programs for work stress, burnout, and problem gambling should include the assessment and enhancement of emotion regulation skills.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)813-828
Number of pages16
JournalJournal of Gambling Studies
Volume35
Issue number3
Early online date18 Feb 2019
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Sep 2019

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Gambling
burnout
gambling
mediation
Emotions
emotion
employee
job demand
moderator
Psychology
gender

Bibliographical note

All procedures performed in this study involving human participants were conducted in accordance with the ethical standards of the Ethics Review Committee of the National University of Singapore, Singapore.

Keywords

  • Gambling and emotion dysregulation
  • Gambling and work stress
  • Gambling and burnout

Cite this

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title = "Emotion Dysregulation Mediating Associations Among Work Stress, Burnout, and Problem Gambling: A Serial Multiple Mediation Model",
abstract = "This study aimed to examine psychological mechanisms underlying work stress and burnout that may increase the risk of problem gambling. A serial multiple mediation model is proposed to specify that work stress (high job demand-low job control) can deplete employee resources and lead to burnout. Employees who have emotion dysregulation may engage in gambling to escape or avoid burnout and negative emotions at work. Over time, these employees may become increasingly rely on gambling to cope with their burnout experience, leading to problem gambling. A total of 1233 full-time employees in the United States completed a web survey on work stress. Results supported the proposed serial multiple mediation model. The indirect effect of work stress on problem gambling first through burnout then through emotion dysregulation was significant. The direct effect of work stress on problem gambling was reduced to nonsignificance after controlling for the two mediators (burnout and emotion dysregulation). When the two mediators were considered together in the specified sequence, the indirect effects of work stress on problem gambling through individual mediators were also reduced to nonsignificance. Gender was a nonsignificant moderator, and pathways of the proposed serial multiple mediation model were similar for men and women. Supplementary analyses did not support an alternate sequence of mediators. The present findings suggest that prevention and treatment programs for work stress, burnout, and problem gambling should include the assessment and enhancement of emotion regulation skills.",
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Emotion Dysregulation Mediating Associations Among Work Stress, Burnout, and Problem Gambling: A Serial Multiple Mediation Model. / TANG, Catherine So-kum; LIM, Mathew Sheng Mian; KOH, Jie Min; CHEUNG, Yue Lok Francis.

In: Journal of Gambling Studies, Vol. 35, No. 3, 09.2019, p. 813-828.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

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AU - LIM, Mathew Sheng Mian

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AU - CHEUNG, Yue Lok Francis

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