Entropy-Optimized Fault Diagnosis Based on Unsupervised Domain Adaptation

Fuqiang LIU*, Yandan CHEN, Wenlong DENG, Mingliang ZHOU

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


In practice, the cross-domain transfer of data distribution and the sample imbalance of fault status are inevitable, but one or both are often ignored, which restricts the adaptability and classification accuracy of the generated fault diagnosis (FD) model. Accordingly, an entropy-optimized method is proposed in this paper based on an unsupervised domain-adaptive technique to enhance FD model training. For the training, pseudosamples and labels corresponding to the target samples are generated through data augmentation and self-training strategies to diminish the distribution discrepancy between the source and target domains. Meanwhile, an adaptive conditional entropy loss function is developed to improve the data quality of the semisupervised learning, with which reliable samples are generated for the training. According to the experiment results, compared with other state-of-the-art algorithms, our method can achieve significant accuracy improvement in rolling bearing FD. Typically, the accuracy improvement compared with the baseline Convolutional Neural Network (CNN) is achieved by over 13.23%.

Original languageEnglish
Article number2110
Number of pages18
Issue number9
Early online date28 Apr 2023
Publication statusPublished - May 2023
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023 by the authors.


  • class imbalance
  • domain adaptation
  • entropy optimization
  • fault diagnosis (FD)


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