Evolutionary artificial neural networks.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

222 Citations (Scopus)


Evolutionary artificial neural networks (EANNs) can be considered as a combination of artificial neural networks (ANNs) and evolutionary search procedures such as genetic algorithms (GAs). This paper distinguishes among three levels of evolution in EANNs, i.e. the evolution of connection weights, architectures and learning rules. It first reviews each kind of evolution in detail and then analyses major issues related to each kind of evolution. It is shown in the paper that although there is a lot of work on the evolution of connection weights and architectures, research on the evolution of learning rules is still in its early stages. Interactions among different levels of evolution are far from being understood. It is argued in the paper that the evolution of learning rules and its interactions with other levels of evolution play a vital role in EANNs.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)203-222
Number of pages20
JournalInternational Journal of Neural Systems
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - Sept 1993
Externally publishedYes


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