The relationship between risk behaviors and resilience among South Asian minority youth identifying themselves as Pakistani, Indian, Pakistani-Hong Konger, or Indian-Hong Konger (N = 405) in a Hong Kong school setting was investigated using hierarchical linear regression analysis. Lower neighborhood disorganization, higher neighborhood characteristics, and higher individual resilience predicted lower likelihood of substance use in all ethnic groups. Stronger relationship with caregivers was associated with lower levels of substance use in all ethnic groups except for Pakistani-Hong Kongers (p >.05). Stronger multigroup ethnic identity predicted lower likelihood of substance use in Indians (p =.021) and Indian-Hong Kongers (p =.039). Resilience-based research, practical, and social policy implications are discussed.
Bibliographical noteThis research received no specific grant from any funding agency in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors. The writing of this manuscript was partially supported by the Hong Kong Jockey Club Charities Trust.
- ethnic minority youth
- risk behaviors
- South Asians