Exploring Trust in Direct Selling and Internet Marketing: A Study of Chinese Consumers

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Abstract

The purpose of this research is to examine the role of trust in direct selling and Internet marketing. There are two major studies in this research. Specifically, the first study is to explore interpersonal trust in buyer-salesperson relationships in direct selling while the second study is to examine consumer trust in both direct selling and Internet marketing. Study 1 examines the dimensions of interpersonal trust which would affect the buyer-salesperson relationship in a direct selling situation. It also investigates consumers’ perceived risk and advantages of direct selling. Questionnaire survey of consumers and non-consumers of direct selling companies was conducted in Hong Kong, China. The results show that there are six dimensions of interpersonal trust in the buyer-seller relationship in direct selling. Unsolicited telephone call (such as telemarketing) is found to have the highest perceived risk and the ability to shop at home is found to have the highest advantage rating of direct selling. Study 2 is designed as an exploratory study using a personal interview approach in which two sample groups were surveyed in China. Two different measures of trust are used (i.e., cognitive and organization trusts). For one measure of trust, cognitive trust, there is a significant difference between the two marketing methods with the value of trust generally being greater for direct selling. In
contrast, for organization trust, the second measure of trust, the value is greatest for Internet marketing. This is the first study to examine trust in both Internet marketing and direct selling in the same study. The findings of this research can provide insights for marketing practitioners and future research directions.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationConference Proceedings of 2nd Australia and New Zealand Conference on Advanced Research (ANZCAR -2018)
EditorsLeslie HOLMES
PublisherAsia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research (APIAR)
Volume2
ISBN (Print)9780648117223
Publication statusPublished - 23 Jun 2018
Event2nd Australia and New Zealand Conference on Advanced Research - Rydges on Swanston, Melbourne, Australia
Duration: 22 Jun 201823 Jun 2018
https://apiar.org.au/?conference=2nd-australia-and-new-zealand-conference-on-advanced-research-anzcar-2018-melbourne-australia

Conference

Conference2nd Australia and New Zealand Conference on Advanced Research
Abbreviated titleANZCAR - 2018
CountryAustralia
CityMelbourne
Period22/06/1823/06/18
OtherAsia Pacific Institute of Advanced Research
Internet address

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