Facility management benchmarking : An application of data envelopment analysis in Hong Kong

Philip Y.L. WONG, Stephen C. H. LEUNG, John D. GILLEARD

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

8 Citations (Scopus)


This paper proposes Data Envelopment Analysis (DEA) as a suitable data analysis tool to overcome facility management (FM) benchmarking difficulties: FM performance benchmarking analysis is often unsophisticated, relying heavily on simple statistical representation, linking hard cost data with soft customer satisfaction data is often problematic. A case study is presented to show that DEA can provide FM personnel with an objective view on performance improvements. An objective of the case study is to investigate the relative efficiency of nine facilities with the same goals and to determine the most efficient facility. The case is limited to nine buildings in FM on four inputs and nine output criteria. The paper concludes by demonstrating that DEA-generated improvement targets can be applied when formulating FM outsourcing policies, strategies and improvements. Facility manager can apply DEA-generated improvement targets in formulating FM outsourcing policies, specifications development, FM strategy and planning. FM benchmarking with DEA can enhance continuous improvement in services' efficiency and cost saving. This will help reduce utility cost as well as pollution. This paper fills the gap in the research of FM benchmarking by applying DEA which studies both soft and hard data, simultaneously. It also contributes to a future research of a tradeoff sensitivity test between FM cost, services performance and reliability.

Original languageEnglish
Article number1350013
JournalAsia-Pacific Journal of Operational Research
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2013
Externally publishedYes


  • benchmarking
  • data envelopment analysis
  • Facility management


Dive into the research topics of 'Facility management benchmarking : An application of data envelopment analysis in Hong Kong'. Together they form a unique fingerprint.

Cite this