Fast supervised topic models for short text emotion detection

Jianhui PANG, Yanghui RAO, Haoran XIE, Xizhao WANG, Fu Lee WANG, Tak-lam WONG, Qing LI

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review


With the development of social network platforms, discussion forums, and question answering websites, a huge number of short messages that typically contain a few words for an individual document are posted by online users. In these short messages, emotions are frequently embedded for communicating opinions, expressing friendship, and promoting influence. It is quite valuable to detect emotions from short messages, but the corresponding task suffers from the sparsity of feature space. In this article, we first generate term groups co-occurring in the same context to enrich the number of features. Then, two basic supervised topic models are proposed to associate emotions with topics accurately. To reduce the time cost of parameter estimation, we further propose an accelerated algorithm for our basic models. Extensive evaluations using three short corpora validate the efficiency and effectiveness of the accelerated models for predicting the emotions of unlabeled documents, in addition to generate the topic-level emotion lexicons.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1-14
JournalIEEE Transactions on Cybernetics
Publication statusE-pub ahead of print - 30 Sep 2019


  • Accelerated algorithm
  • emotion detection
  • short text analysis
  • topic model

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