命運、殉國與愛情 : 論《帝女花》劇本

Translated title of the contribution: Fate, Love and Martyrdom : Scripts of Princess Cheung Ping

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

Abstract

唐滌生所編《帝女花》,於1957年6月由仙鳳鳴劇團首演。除粵劇外,另有兩齣《帝女花》電影(左几導,1959 ;吳宇森導,1976)。唱片由香港娛樂唱片公司於1960年發行。至於劇本,唐滌生所編《帝女花》,刊於葉紹德出版的《唐滌生戲曲欣賞》(1987-88)(舊版《唐滌生戲曲欣賞》)。另有張敏慧校訂新版 《唐滌生戲曲欣賞》(2015-16),還原泥印本原貌。泥印版《帝女花》刊行的重要性在於還原劇作原貌,令人更明瞭唐滌生原意;一字之易往往令文意產生懸殊效果。本文以版本比較入手,校對新舊版《唐滌生戲曲欣賞》,挑出以下五條資料作出分析。

舊版《唐滌生戲曲欣賞》1987-88:
新版《唐滌生戲曲欣賞》2015-16:
第一場〈樹盟〉“但得連理青蔥在”。 (頁26)
第一場〈樹盟〉“但得人如連理樹”。 (頁47)
第二場〈香劫〉“駙馬寧無從死之意”。 (頁43)
第二場〈香劫〉“駙馬寧無從死之義”。 (頁 68)
第四場〈庵遇〉“夭折紅顏命”。 (頁 68)
第四場〈庵遇〉“天折紅顏命”。 (頁 100)
第五場〈上表〉“名花不配被俗世污”。 (頁92)
第五場〈上表〉“存貞,不配被俗世污”。 (頁128)
第六場〈香夭〉“情共永,配痴凰” (頁 109)
第六場〈香夭〉“情鳳永配癡凰” (頁 149)

本文以兩個重點切入:一為性格與命運,一為愛情意象。長平公主的頁烈個性(第四條資料),令公主面對不可規避的命運:國破家亡而不懼(第三條資料),並作出反抗。駙馬周世顯更是以“義”字為行為準繩的人物(第二條資料),引領公主走上盡忠、殉國之路。此劇感人至深的乃公主、駙馬的崩城亡國情。唐滌生以鳳凰(第五題資料)和連理樹(第一條資料)為意象,便營造出動人之愛情。

Cantonese opera: Princess Cheung Ping was produced by Tang Disheng, premiere performance was conducted in June 1957. Besides Cantonese opera, there were two opera films on Princess Cheung Ping (1959, 1976). In addition, the performance was recorded by Crown Records Ltd in i960. We can find the scripts of Princess Cheung Ping in Tang DishengXiqu Xinshang, one edited by Ye Shaode in 1987-88, another edited by Cheung Man Wai in 2015-16. Importance of the latter edition is the revival of the original mud prints of Tang Disheng. This paper is going to examine 5 pieces of information as follows:
Tang Disheng Xiqu Xinshan, 1987-88
Tang Disheng Xiqu Xinshang, 2015-16

First Act: “Hope for the evergreen of the two trees”
First Act: “Wish we were the two trees which have grown together to form a double trunk” (p. 47). "which have grown together to form a double trunk” (p. 26)."
Second Act: “Emperor’s son-in-law is not without”
Second Act: “Emperor’s son-in-law has the righteousness the intention for death” (p. 43). to die for a good course” (p. 68).
Fourth Act: “The young beauty dies young” (p. 68).
Fourth Act: “Fatal death of the young beauty” (p. 100).
Fifth Act: “The famous flower would not be polluted”
Fifth Act: “Purity, would not be polluted by the earthly dirt” (p. 128) by the earthly dirt” (p.92)
Sixth Act: “Love forever, pairing with the male phoenix” (p. 109).
Sixth Act: “The male phoenix pairs with the female phoenix with love” (p.149).

This paper deals with the text study in two directions, one is to study the relationship of character and fate, another one is to study the love images. The strong principle of purity in the character of Princess Cheng Ping (no 4 of the above table) drives the princess to face and fight back when confronting the inevitability of fate (no 3 of the above table). Emperors son-in-law, with the strong righteousness (no 2 of the above table), leads the princess onto the path of loyality and martyrdom. In addition, the great romance of the opera is built and enhanced by the two beautiful images: phoenix (no 5 of the above table) and trees which have grown together to form a double trunk (no 1 of the above table).
Original languageChinese (Traditional)
Pages (from-to)115-134
Number of pages20
Journal東方文化 = Journal of Oriental Studies
Volume50
Issue number1
Publication statusPublished - Aug 2018

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Keywords

  • 性格
  • 命運
  • 愛情
  • 鳳凰
  • 連理樹
  • Character
  • Fate
  • Love
  • Phoenix
  • Trees which have grown together to form a double trunk

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