First-order (conditional) risk aversion, background risk and risk diversification

Georges DIONNE, Jingyuan LI

Research output: Working paperWorking paper series


In the literature, utility functions in the expected utility class are generically limited to second-order (conditional) risk aversion, while non-expected utility functions can exhibit either. First-order or second-order (conditional) risk aversion. This paper extends the concepts of orders of conditional risk aversion to orders of conditional dependent risk aversion. We show that first-order conditional dependent risk aversion is consistent with the framework of the expected utility hypothesis. We relate our results to risk diversification and provide additional insights into its application in different economic and finance examples.
Original languageEnglish
Number of pages18
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2011
Externally publishedYes

Publication series



  • Expected utility theory
  • first-order conditional dependent risk aversion
  • background risk
  • risk diversification


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