Fragility of happiness beliefs across 15 national groups

Mohsen JOSHANLOO, Dan WEIJERS, Ding Yu JIANG, Gyuseog HAN, Jaechang BAE, Joyce S. PANG, Lok Sang HO, Maria Cristina FERREIRA, Melikşah DEMIR, Muhammad RIZWAN, Imran Ahmed KHILJI, Mustapha ACHOUI, Ryosuke ASANO, Tasuku IGARASHI, Saori TSUKAMOTO, Sanne M. A. LAMERS, Yücel TURAN, Suresh SUNDARAM, Wai Lan Vicki YEUNG, Wai-Ching POONZarina Kh. LEPSHOKOVA, Tatiana PANYUSHEVA, Amerkhanova NATALIA

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

33 Citations (Scopus)


The belief that happiness is fragile—that it is fleeting and may easily turn into less favourable states—is common across individuals and cultures. However, not much is known about this belief domain and its structure and correlates. In the present study, we use multigroup confirmatory factor analysis and multilevel modelling to investigate the measurement invariance, cross-level isomorphism, predictive validity, and nomological network of the fragility of happiness scale across 15 nations. The results show that this scale has good statistical properties at both individual and cultural levels, and is associated with relevant psycho-social concepts in expected directions. The importance of the results, limitations, and potential directions for future research are discussed.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)1185-1210
Number of pages26
JournalJournal of Happiness Studies
Issue number5
Early online date20 Jul 2014
Publication statusPublished - Oct 2015


  • Culture
  • Fear of happiness
  • Fragility of happiness
  • Happiness
  • Well-being


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