Although a growing body of research emphasizes the role of women in artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM) in developing countries, gender inequality is still persistent in the sector. The paper investigates whether ASM sector policies integrate gender equality principles of the United Nations Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In particular, we analyze the implications of formalization policy and a ban on informal mining for the attainment of SDG 5 (Gender Equality) using a qualitative case study of informal gold mining in Ghana. In this study, we assess how these solutions to ASM governance engage with gender equality targets and women’s participation in the governance functions using Salience and Institutional Analysis and Design (SIAD) framework. We highlight policy shortcomings with regards to internationally agreed targets on gender equality and draw recommendations for formalization policies in the ASM sector.
Bibliographical noteFunding Information:
The authors would like to thank the research assistants for their role in the data collection during the field work. They would also like to thank two anonymous reviewers for providing constructive feeddback on the previous drafts. The author thanks Professor Gavin Hilson for the invitation to contribute to this special issue.FunndingFunding for this research was provided by the Oxford Department of International Development (ODID) and St Antony’s College, University of Oxford through departmental fieldwork award and STAR Grant, respectively.
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- Artisanal and small-scale mining (ASM)
- Gender equality
- Institutional analysis and design
- Stakeholder salience
- Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs)