Global Capitalism and Labour in the Age of Monopoly: Hong Kong and Mainland China

Ngai PUN*, Kaxton SIU, Heidi GOTTFRIED

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


Prognostications of the Asian century, pivoting away from the United States as epicentre of the world economy, call for in-depth understanding of this current shift, including specifying the logic and character of Chinese capitalism. Critical theories usually employ a stage theory embodied in the development of capitalism as linear temporality or teleology of historical progress. Postsocialist China, as a late comer joining global capitalism, embodies multiple forms of capital and operates as a variegated form of capitalism when compared to both the Global North and Global South (Peck and Zhang, 2013; Zhang and Peck, 2014). The simultaneous operation of multiple capitals in China (including Hong Kong) creates its own ‘third world’ in its hinterland, in its internal regions of the country and across the border to its neighbouring regions. However, this does not preclude efforts to capture the dominant features of contemporary Chinese capitalism in order to tease out its complexity, condensation and overarching forces that both constitute and are constituted by working-class masses.
Original languageEnglish
Article number089692052211189
Pages (from-to)1115-1122
Number of pages8
JournalCritical Sociology
Issue number7-8
Early online date4 Sept 2022
Publication statusPublished - Nov 2022


  • global capitalism
  • Hong Kong
  • resistance
  • solidarity
  • working class


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