Government innovation policy and higher education: the case of Shenzhen, China

Ka-Ho MOK*, Anthony WELCH, Yuyang KANG

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

28 Citations (Scopus)


Set against broader theoretical debates regarding the role of the developmental state in driving social and economic developments in Asia, particularly in higher education and research, the present article critically examines the synergies between government, enterprise and universities in China, in promoting innovation-centric entrepreneurship. The example of Shenzhen, China, including its response to the Greater Bay Area initiative, highlights how new governance modalities have emerged to embrace multiple actors and diverse non-state/non-government sectors in support of innovation-centric entrepreneurial ventures. Our analysis reveals new forms of network governance. These include hybrid organisations that have become more proactively engaged in fostering a spirit of entrepreneurship, including in the higher education sector, albeit against a backdrop of tensions in the mainland governance model, between the drive for innovation and re-assertion of Party control.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)194-212
Number of pages19
JournalJournal of Higher Education Policy and Management
Issue number2
Early online date10 Dec 2019
Publication statusPublished - Apr 2020


  • Greater Bay area economy
  • Hong Kong–Shenzhen collaboration
  • State–university–industry relationship
  • innovation-centric entrepreneurship
  • university governance


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