Grittier Chinese adolescents are happier: The mediating role of mindfulness

Jingguang LI, Li LIN, Yajun ZHAO, Jing CHEN, Song WANG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

43 Citations (Scopus)


A few recent studies indicate that grit, the perseverance and passion for long-term goals, has a positive association with subjective well-being. However, less is known about the psychological mechanisms underlying this association. Here, we tested the role of mindfulness in mediating this association in Chinese adolescents who attended high schools. In Study 1 (N = 1262), we first verified the association between the grit and subjective well-being, given that this association has not been reported in the Chinese population. Consistent with the previous literature, higher levels of grit were associated with higher levels of life satisfaction, more positive affect, and less negative affect. In Study 2 (N = 627), we replicated the association between grit and subjective well-being. More importantly, mediation analyses demonstrated that the association was partly mediated by mindfulness. Together, our findings suggest that the grit may help boost adolescents' subjective well-being through their mindful mind in pursuing their long-term goals.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)232-237
Number of pages6
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Early online date12 May 2018
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2018
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 31500884 and 71601136), the Philosophy and Social Sciences Innovation Team of Yunnan Province (2017cx09) and the MOE (Ministry of Education in China) Project of Humanity and Social Science foundation (16YJC630005).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2018 Elsevier Ltd


  • Chinese adolescents
  • Grit
  • Long-term goal
  • Mindfulness
  • Subjective well-being


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