Highly Efficient Na+ Storage in Uniform Thorn Ball-Like α-MnSe/C Nanospheres

Zhenzhe LI, Shuhao XIAO, Jiawei LIU, Xiaobin NIU, Yong XIANG, Tingshuai LI*, Jun Song CHEN*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

11 Citations (Scopus)


Because of its high theoretical capacity, MnSe has been identified as a promising candidate as the anode material for sodium-ion batteries. However, its fast capacity deterioration due to the huge volume change during the intercalation/deintercalation of sodium ions severely hinders its practical application. Moreover, the sodium storage mechanism of MnSe is still under discussion and requires in-depth investigations. Herein, the unique thorn ball-like α-MnSe/C nanospheres have been prepared using manganese-containing metal organic framework (Mn-MOF) as a precursor followed by in situ gas-phase selenization at an elevated temperature. When serving as the anode material for sodium-ion battery, the as-prepared α-MnSe/C exhibits enhanced sodium storage capabilities of 416 and 405 mAh g−1 at 0.2 and 0.5 A g−1 after 100 cycles, respectively. It also shows a superior capacity retention of 275 mA h g−1 at 10 A g−1 after 2000 cycles, and a rate performance of 279 mA h g−1 at 20 A g−1. Such sodium storage properties could be attributed to the unique structure offering a highly efficient Na+ diffusion kinetics with a diffusion coefficient between 1 × 10–11 and 3 × 10–10 cm2 s−1. The density functional theory calculation indicates that the fast Na+ diffusion mainly takes place on the (100) plane of MnSe along a V-shaped path because of a relatively low diffusion energy barrier of 0.15 eV.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)373-382
Number of pages10
JournalActa Metallurgica Sinica (English Letters)
Issue number3
Early online date26 Feb 2021
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2021
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

This work was financially supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (No. ZYGX2019J030).


  • High-rate performance
  • Long-term stability
  • MnSe
  • Sodium storage mechanism
  • Uniform nanospheres


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