Hong Kong's democratic movement and the making of China's offshore civil society

Ho Fung HUNG, Iam Chong IP

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

21 Citations (Scopus)


Hong Kong's civil society has remained vibrant since the sovereignty handover in 1997, thanks to an active defense by the democratic movement against Beijing's attempts to control civil liberties. Hong Kong is becoming mainland China's offshore civil society, serving as a free platform for information circulation and organizing among mainland activists and intellectuals.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)504-527
Number of pages24
JournalAsian Survey
Issue number3
Publication statusPublished - 1 May 2012



  • China
  • Civil society
  • Democratic movement
  • Hong Kong

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