Human resources and international joint venture performance : a system perspective

Yaping GONG, Oded SHENKAR, Yadong LUO, Mee Kau NYAW

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

54 Citations (Scopus)


Building on general systems theory, we argue that the multi-system nature of the international joint venture (IJV) drives two distinct but inter-related sets of human resource (HR) issues: a set whose core is mainly within the venture subsystem (within-IJV HR set), producing a detrimental impact on venture performance; and a set associated mainly with the relational tension along the interface between the parent and the venture subsystem (relational/interface HR set). The relational set is detrimental at the system level, but actually has a positive performance impact at the venture subsystem level. Hierarchical regression results from a sample of 265 China-based IJVs offer support for the above hypotheses developed around the two sets of HR issues. We discuss implications for IJV theory, research, and practice.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)505-518
Number of pages14
JournalJournal of International Business Studies
Issue number5
Publication statusPublished - 1 Sept 2005

Bibliographical note

Paper presented at the 62nd Annual Meeting of the Academy-of-Management, Aug 09-11, 2002, Denver, Colorado.


  • General systems theory
  • Human resources
  • International joint venture


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