N, S-doped TiO2 photocatalysts at a nanometer scale were successfully prepared by hydrothermal process, and photocatalytic activity of the obtained powders for degradation of methyl orange under sunshine irradiation was studied. The products were characterized by XRD, TEM, XPS, FT-IR and UV-vis diffuse reflectance spectra. Experimental results indicate that the Nitrogen and Sulfur atoms are incorporated into the lattice of TiO2, and they exist in the state of S6+ and substitutional or interstitial N, respectively. The incorporation was responsible for narrowing the band gap of TiO2 and shifting its optical response from ultraviolet to the visible-light region. The 3% N, S-TiO2 photocatalyst calcined at 500°C exhibited the highest photocatalytic activity. The degradation rate of 10mgL-1 methyl orange solution reached approximately 92% under sunshine irradiation for 6h when the pH value of the methyl solution was 4.
This work was supported by the Research Foundation of the six people peak of Jiangsu Province (2010-XNY-002), Jiangsu Overseas Research & Training Programme for University Prominent Young & Middle-aged Teachers and Presidents, the National Natural Science Foundation of China (11172231), DARPA (W91CRB-11-C-0112), and the National Science Foundation (CMMI-0643726).
- N, S-doping
- Sunshine irradiation