ImLiDAR: Cross-Sensor Dynamic Message Propagation Network for 3D Object Detection

Yiyang SHEN, Rongwei YU, Peng WU, Haoran XIE, Lina GONG, Jing QIN, Mingqiang WEI

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


LiDAR and camera, as two different sensors, supply geometric (point clouds) and semantic (RGB images) information of 3-D scenes. However, it is still challenging for existing methods to fuse data from the two cross sensors, making them complementary for quality 3-D object detection (3OD). We propose ImLiDAR, a new 3OD paradigm to narrow the cross-sensor discrepancies by progressively fusing the multiscale features of camera Images and LiDAR point clouds. ImLiDAR enables to provide the detection head with cross-sensor yet robustly fused features. To achieve this, two core designs exist in ImLiDAR. First, we propose a cross-sensor dynamic message propagation (CDMP) module to combine the best of the multiscale image and point features. Second, we raise a direct set prediction problem that allows designing an effective set-based detector (SD) to tackle the inconsistency of the classification and localization confidences, and the sensitivity of hand-tuned hyperparameters. Besides, the novel SD can be detachable and easily integrated into various detection networks. Comparisons on the KITTI, nuScenes, and SUN-RGBD datasets all show clear visual and numerical improvements of our ImLiDAR over 45 state-of-the-art 3OD methods.

Original languageEnglish
Article number5704613
Pages (from-to)1-13
Number of pages13
JournalIEEE Transactions on Geoscience and Remote Sensing
Early online date2 Oct 2023
Publication statusPublished - 2023

Bibliographical note

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  • 3-D object detection (3OD)
  • ImLiDAR
  • cross sensors
  • dynamic message propagation
  • set-based detector (SD)


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