Using two random sampling surveys from Mainland China and Hong Kong SAR, this study aims to compare the poverty stigma, perceived living standards and subjective well-being of welfare and non-welfare recipients in the two regions. The results show that means-tested welfare recipients generally experience high levels of stigma and negative affect. Path analysis models reveal that the direct impact of such stigma on negative affect is significant in Mainland China. However, in Hong Kong SAR, the impact of stigma on negative affect is indirect, through social interaction and self-rated health.
Bibliographical noteThe Mainland China survey was part of the Construction of a Social Policy Support System for Urban and Rural Vulnerable Households project undertaken by the Policy Research Centre of the Ministry of Civil Affairs of China and sponsored by the Ministry of Finance of China. The Hong Kong SAR survey was supported by a grant from the Central Policy Unit of the Government of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region and the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (Project No. 4003-SPPR-11).
The study of Mainland China used de-identified secondary data and the authors had no interaction with the participants; therefore, human subjects ethical review was not required.
The Hong Kong survey was approved by the Survey and Behavioral Research Ethics Committee of The Chinese University of Hong Kong in June 2012.
- Hong Kong SAR
- Mainland China
- Means-tested welfare
- poverty stigma
- subjective well-being