Improved cycling stability of three-state electrochromic devices with uniformly dip-coated electrode surface

L. WU, D. J. YANG, C. J. HU, S. LIU, Q. G. CHEN, J. Y. SHI, F. WU, Y. XIANG*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

3 Citations (Scopus)


The electrodeposition-based three-state electrochromic device with its electrode surface modified by dip-coated titanium dioxide (TiO2) thin films shows significantly improved cycling stability compared to the device modified with spin-coated ones. The decrement rate of optical transmittance contrast for spin-coated device after 1500 cycles is reduced significantly from 66% to 28% for dip-coated device, indicating ~60% improvement. A comparative study of the structural and morphological features of dip- and spin-coated TiO2 thin films reveals that the surface uniformity of dip-coated device is much better than that of spin-coated one, leading to an improved overall surface roughness, which is a primary factor of the cycling stability. Although the difference in the surface roughness is marginal for the smooth parts of both the dip- and spin-coated TiO2 thin films, the improved uniformity of the dip-coated TiO2 thin film surface is conducive to the quick dissolution of Ag back into electrolyte during the switching between the coloration and bleaching states thanks to the reduced locally residual Ag around or into the rough regions caused by TiO2 nanoparticles agglomeration.

Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)6068-6080
Number of pages13
JournalInternational Journal of Electrochemical Science
Issue number7
Early online date26 Jun 2017
Publication statusPublished - Jul 2017
Externally publishedYes

Bibliographical note

The authors acknowledge the financial support from National Natural Science Foundation of China [Grant #: 51472044].


  • Cycling stability
  • Dip-coating
  • Electrochromic
  • Electrodeposition
  • Uniformity


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