The free-standing V2O5 nanobelts cathodes for lithium-ion batteries are synthesized through hydrothermal reaction followed by anneal treatments and vacuum filtration deposition. The well cycling performances of the electrode were verified by battery test system. The microstructure and surface morphologies of the V2O5 electrode before and after discharge-charge cycles were analyzed by X-ray diffraction and scanning electron microscope, respectively. The evolutions of strain fields of free-standing V2O5 electrodes are in-situ measured by digital image correlation technique. The heterogeneous features of in-plane strains of V2O5 electrode surface in macro-scales are characterized and systematically discussed as a function of test time (or voltage). Given the effect that the elastic modulus is dependent on the concentration and cycling number, the evolutions of in-plane stresses of V2O5 cathodes during discharge-charge cycling are estimated using a chemo-mechanical constitutive equation. The influences of chemical and mechanical components on in-plane stresses are extracted and discussed, respectively. The results are crucial to further reveal the chemo-mechanical coupling failure mechanism of V2O5 cathode and optimize the electrode structure of lithium-ion battery systems. © 2018 Elsevier B.V.
Bibliographical noteThis work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant Nos. 11802260, 11572277, 11772287, 11227801), the Young and Middle-aged Scholar Training Program of Hunan Province Association for Science and Technology (2017TJ-Q02), the Hunan Natural Science Foundation of Hunan Province (No. 2018JJ3490) and Hunan Provincial Innovation Foundation for Postgraduate (CX2016B256).
- Chemo-mechanical coupling mechanism
- Digital image correlation
- Heterogeneous strain
- In-situ measurement
- Vanadium pentoxide