In the post-subsidy era : How to encourage mere consumers to become prosumers when subsidy reduced?

Diyi LIU, Suntong QI, Tiantong XU*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


With the forthcoming post-subsidy era, how to incentivize consumers to become solar prosumers is a critical issue. Considering the prosuming-value perception, we proposed a Comprehensive Behavior Determination Model (CBDM) to study consumers' intention of becoming solar prosumers, based on the theory of planned behavior and the theory of consumer perceived value. Using a combination of latent and observed variables within a non-linear structural equation model, our analysis identifies the key driving factors of becoming prosumers based on a large-scale survey of 14,646 respondents. We found that perceived value is vital in driving consumers' transformation intention. Especially in the developed southern regions, the perceived benefit (i.e., earnings from selling electricity) exerts the most significant influence on consumers' intention to become prosumers. Differently, in the northern regions’ rural areas, subjective norms play a vital role in driving consumers to become prosumers as they are more influenced by their social surroundings (e.g., neighbors, village chief). In the undeveloped western regions, consumers usually have more knowledge about solar panels, while they have lower perceived behavioral control due to constrained external conditions such as insufficient funds, subsidy defaults, etc.
Original languageEnglish
Article number113451
JournalEnergy Policy
Early online date18 Jan 2023
Publication statusPublished - Mar 2023

Bibliographical note

Funding Information:
This study was supported by the China Postdoctoral Science Foundation (Grant No. 2022M710072 ), Tianjin Social Science Foundation of China (Grant No. TJGLQN22-001 ), Key project of the Chinese Ministry of Education (Grant No. 22JZD028 ), National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 71834004 , 72225013 , 71904141 , 72004159 ), Lingnan University Faculty Research Grant (Grant No. 102061 ), and Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 63222036 ).

Publisher Copyright:
© 2023


  • Solar panel adoption
  • The theory of planned behavior
  • Subsidy reduction
  • Structural equation model
  • Survey data
  • China


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