Increased risk of cigarette smoking among immigrant children and girls in Hong Kong : an emerging public health issue

Ka Wai, Maggie LAU, Xinguang CHEN, Yuanjing REN

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

5 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Despite global progress in tobacco control, data are needed for subgroups with increased risk of tobacco use for more effective smoking prevention. Survey data from a random sample of 6,486 youth in grades 7, 8 and 9 were derived from the project Chinese Student Health Survey. Prevalence and hazards of smoking onset were compared by gender and immigrant status. Mediation analysis was used to assess factors that may mediate the impact of immigrant status on smoking. Immigrant students had a much higher risk of hazards of smoking initiation than non-immigrant students. Parental monitoring and parental smoking significantly mediated the effect of immigrant status on early smoking onset. In addition, gender differences in the prevalence of smoking and hazards of smoking onset in our study were smaller than those reported by others targeting non-Hong Kong Chinese youth. Findings of this study imply that immigrant children and girls in Hong Kong are at increased risk to tobacco use. Special attention should be paid to these subgroups for prevention intervention. Prevention intervention for immigrant children should address parental smoking and parental monitoring. Reduced gender difference in smoking among Hong Kong youth suggests an emerging trend for more Chinese girls on the Mainland to smoke along with the rapid socioeconomic development.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)144-152
Number of pages9
JournalJournal of Community Health
Volume37
Issue number1
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 1 Feb 2012
Externally publishedYes

Fingerprint

Hong Kong
smoking
Public Health
public health
Smoking
immigrant
nicotine
Tobacco Use
Students
gender-specific factors
monitoring
socioeconomic development
student
Health Surveys
Smoke
random sample
Tobacco
mediation
school grade
gender

Keywords

  • Adolescent smoking
  • Gender differences
  • Hong Kong
  • Immigrants

Cite this

@article{d9546ca6d94941e9897aad344777ee9d,
title = "Increased risk of cigarette smoking among immigrant children and girls in Hong Kong : an emerging public health issue",
abstract = "Despite global progress in tobacco control, data are needed for subgroups with increased risk of tobacco use for more effective smoking prevention. Survey data from a random sample of 6,486 youth in grades 7, 8 and 9 were derived from the project Chinese Student Health Survey. Prevalence and hazards of smoking onset were compared by gender and immigrant status. Mediation analysis was used to assess factors that may mediate the impact of immigrant status on smoking. Immigrant students had a much higher risk of hazards of smoking initiation than non-immigrant students. Parental monitoring and parental smoking significantly mediated the effect of immigrant status on early smoking onset. In addition, gender differences in the prevalence of smoking and hazards of smoking onset in our study were smaller than those reported by others targeting non-Hong Kong Chinese youth. Findings of this study imply that immigrant children and girls in Hong Kong are at increased risk to tobacco use. Special attention should be paid to these subgroups for prevention intervention. Prevention intervention for immigrant children should address parental smoking and parental monitoring. Reduced gender difference in smoking among Hong Kong youth suggests an emerging trend for more Chinese girls on the Mainland to smoke along with the rapid socioeconomic development.",
keywords = "Adolescent smoking, Gender differences, Hong Kong, Immigrants",
author = "LAU, {Ka Wai, Maggie} and Xinguang CHEN and Yuanjing REN",
year = "2012",
month = "2",
day = "1",
doi = "10.1007/s10900-011-9428-9",
language = "English",
volume = "37",
pages = "144--152",
journal = "Journal of Community Health",
issn = "0094-5145",
publisher = "Springer Netherlands",
number = "1",

}

Increased risk of cigarette smoking among immigrant children and girls in Hong Kong : an emerging public health issue. / LAU, Ka Wai, Maggie; CHEN, Xinguang; REN, Yuanjing.

In: Journal of Community Health, Vol. 37, No. 1, 01.02.2012, p. 144-152.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)Researchpeer-review

TY - JOUR

T1 - Increased risk of cigarette smoking among immigrant children and girls in Hong Kong : an emerging public health issue

AU - LAU, Ka Wai, Maggie

AU - CHEN, Xinguang

AU - REN, Yuanjing

PY - 2012/2/1

Y1 - 2012/2/1

N2 - Despite global progress in tobacco control, data are needed for subgroups with increased risk of tobacco use for more effective smoking prevention. Survey data from a random sample of 6,486 youth in grades 7, 8 and 9 were derived from the project Chinese Student Health Survey. Prevalence and hazards of smoking onset were compared by gender and immigrant status. Mediation analysis was used to assess factors that may mediate the impact of immigrant status on smoking. Immigrant students had a much higher risk of hazards of smoking initiation than non-immigrant students. Parental monitoring and parental smoking significantly mediated the effect of immigrant status on early smoking onset. In addition, gender differences in the prevalence of smoking and hazards of smoking onset in our study were smaller than those reported by others targeting non-Hong Kong Chinese youth. Findings of this study imply that immigrant children and girls in Hong Kong are at increased risk to tobacco use. Special attention should be paid to these subgroups for prevention intervention. Prevention intervention for immigrant children should address parental smoking and parental monitoring. Reduced gender difference in smoking among Hong Kong youth suggests an emerging trend for more Chinese girls on the Mainland to smoke along with the rapid socioeconomic development.

AB - Despite global progress in tobacco control, data are needed for subgroups with increased risk of tobacco use for more effective smoking prevention. Survey data from a random sample of 6,486 youth in grades 7, 8 and 9 were derived from the project Chinese Student Health Survey. Prevalence and hazards of smoking onset were compared by gender and immigrant status. Mediation analysis was used to assess factors that may mediate the impact of immigrant status on smoking. Immigrant students had a much higher risk of hazards of smoking initiation than non-immigrant students. Parental monitoring and parental smoking significantly mediated the effect of immigrant status on early smoking onset. In addition, gender differences in the prevalence of smoking and hazards of smoking onset in our study were smaller than those reported by others targeting non-Hong Kong Chinese youth. Findings of this study imply that immigrant children and girls in Hong Kong are at increased risk to tobacco use. Special attention should be paid to these subgroups for prevention intervention. Prevention intervention for immigrant children should address parental smoking and parental monitoring. Reduced gender difference in smoking among Hong Kong youth suggests an emerging trend for more Chinese girls on the Mainland to smoke along with the rapid socioeconomic development.

KW - Adolescent smoking

KW - Gender differences

KW - Hong Kong

KW - Immigrants

UR - http://commons.ln.edu.hk/sw_master/5148

U2 - 10.1007/s10900-011-9428-9

DO - 10.1007/s10900-011-9428-9

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

VL - 37

SP - 144

EP - 152

JO - Journal of Community Health

JF - Journal of Community Health

SN - 0094-5145

IS - 1

ER -