Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) Approach for Determining the Effects of the Waste Charging Scheme on Household Food Waste Recycling

Mark Hansley CHUA*, Yung YAU*

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

2 Citations (Scopus)


This review demonstrates the analytical application of Ostrom’s Institutional Analysis and Development (IAD) framework in identifying and evaluating possible outcomes of how the upcoming waste charging scheme could promote collective actions for post-consumption household food waste recycling in Hong Kong. This novel approach enables analysts to examine thoroughly complex collective action situations such as the case in this paper. A comprehensive review was performed on the published government documents and statistics, together with the past scholarly literature pertinent to the case. Previous studies and reports have shown due diligence on the part of the authorities in preparing infrastructure, educational campaigns, and recycling centres for the full implementation of the forthcoming waste charge scheme. Nevertheless, the findings also show the presence of an information gap in the practical aspect of the food waste collection and monitoring system. Some future research areas identified from this review are: how food waste can be collected from households; how illegal waste disposal be monitored; how the recent pandemic shapes households’ valorisation of food waste recycling; and how technological interventions can help optimise the collection efficacy of food waste.
Original languageEnglish
Article number16120
Issue number23
Early online date2 Dec 2022
Publication statusPublished - 2 Dec 2022

Bibliographical note

This research is supported by the Research Seed Fund of Lingnan University [Project
No.: 102393].

The authors acknowledge the anonymous reviewers. The authors would like to
thank J. Caswang for his insight into the IAD framework for the article.

This article belongs to the Special Issue Food Waste Management and Sustainability in the Food System


  • action situation
  • Hong Kong
  • household food waste
  • Institutional Analysis and Development framework
  • rules-in-use
  • waste charging policy


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