Intelligent wireless sensor network for wildfire detection

A. Ko*, N. M.Y. Lee, R. P.S. Sham, C. M. So, S. C.F. Kwok

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsConference paper (refereed)

2 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

Applications of Wireless Sensor Network (WSN) can be found anywhere from small manufacturing plants to major military operations. The inherited scalability and robustness of WSN make them an indispensible component in systems designed to monitor and communicate field data over large areas. While rural fire detection systems can most certainly benefit from these innate features of WSN, there are various technical difficulties to overcome to fully utilize this technology. This paper describes an intelligent wildfire detection system that can be deployed to a station in the middle of rural forests to monitor abnormal heat occurrences and report to duty officers outside of the forest through the internet or satellite. The intelligent wildfire detection system consists of thermal cameras and WSN can analyse feedback from the two sources to minimize false alarm rate without scarifying reliability. The system has been developed into prototype and installed in Guangdong, China. The system has obtained success in a largescale field test in partnership with the Guangdong Academy of Forestry. After the final evaluation by Provincial Departments in April, the system will be officially adopted by the Guangdong Province and be widely deployed in the province. The purpose of this paper is to present the technical design of the system as well as challenges in the integration and administration of advanced technology in a traditionally human-based, labour-intense system.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationModelling, Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires III
PublisherWITPress
Pages137-148
Number of pages12
Volume158
ISBN (Print)9781845645847
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - 2012
Externally publishedYes
Event3rd International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires 2012, FIVA 2012 - New Forest, United Kingdom
Duration: 22 May 201224 May 2012

Conference

Conference3rd International Conference on Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires 2012, FIVA 2012
CountryUnited Kingdom
CityNew Forest
Period22/05/1224/05/12

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Keywords

  • Artificial intelligence
  • Computer vision
  • Environmental protection
  • Search and rescue robots
  • Thermal camera
  • Wildfire detection
  • Wireless sensor networks

Cite this

Ko, A., Lee, N. M. Y., Sham, R. P. S., So, C. M., & Kwok, S. C. F. (2012). Intelligent wireless sensor network for wildfire detection. In Modelling, Monitoring and Management of Forest Fires III (Vol. 158, pp. 137-148). WITPress. https://doi.org/10.2495/FIVA120121