'Energy security’ is usually understood as the achievement of low-cost, diverse, stable energy supplies (Yergin, 2006, p. 70); importantly, the agent who ‘secures’ energy is usually a state or sub-state government. A cursory analysis of this definition suggests that reducing greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions and attaining energy security will, after cost-neutral energy efficiency gains are exhausted, be contradictory goals (see Chapter 2). This is because the higher price of low-emissions energy sources (OECD, 2010) runs counter to the ‘low-cost’ goal of traditional energy security policy. Yet, a paradoxical flipside emerges: while GHG emissions reductions and energy security are largely contradictory objectives within the domestic policy making of any individual state (Brown and Huntington, 2008), an effective global agreement mitigating climate change would bring considerable side-benefits for aggregate global energy security. This chapter outlines why an effective global climate agreement would stimulate investment in both energy research and developing world infrastructure and argues that these developments would unlock benefits via improved cooperation in energy distribution. Nevertheless, it is unclear whether these side-benefits are sufficient to fully compensate for the higher cost of low-emissions energy sources.
|Title of host publication||Energy Security in the Era of Climate Change : The Asia-Pacific Experience|
|Editors||Luca ANCESCHI, Jonathan SYMONS|
|Publication status||Published - 25 Nov 2011|
|Name||Energy, Climate and the Environment Series book series (ECE)|