Intergenerational conflicts of interest and prosocial behavior during the COVID-19 pandemic

Shuxian JIN*, Daniel BALLIET, Angelo ROMANO, Giuliana SPADARO, Caspar J. VAN LISSA, Maximilian AGOSTINI, Jocelyn J. BÉLANGER, Ben GÜTZKOW, Jannis KREIENKAMP, PsyCorona Study, Wai Lan Victoria YEUNG, N. Pontus LEANDER

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)peer-review

46 Citations (Scopus)


The COVID-19 pandemic presents threats, such as severe disease and economic hardship, to people of different ages. These threats can also be experienced asymmetrically across age groups, which could lead to generational differences in behavioral responses to reduce the spread of the disease. We report a survey conducted across 56 societies (N=58,641), and tested pre-registered hypotheses about how age relates to (a) perceived personal costs during the pandemic, (b) prosocial COVID-19 responses (e.g., social distancing), and (c) support for behavioral regulations (e.g., mandatory quarantine, vaccination). We further tested whether the relation between age and prosocial COVID-19 responses can be explained by perceived personal costs during the pandemic. Overall, we found that older people perceived more costs of contracting the virus, but less costs in daily life due to the pandemic. However, age displayed no clear, robust associations with prosocial COVID-19 responses and support for behavioral regulations. We discuss the implications of this work for understanding the potential intergenerational conflicts of interest that could occur during the COVID-19 pandemic.
Original languageEnglish
Article number110535
JournalPersonality and Individual Differences
Early online date17 Dec 2020
Publication statusPublished - 1 Mar 2021

Bibliographical note

The author(s) disclosed receipt of the following financial support for the research and/or authorship of this article: New York University Abu Dhabi (VCDSF/75-71015), the University of Groningen (Sustainable Society & Ubbo Emmius Fund), the Instituto de Salud Carlos III (COV20/00086), and fellowship from China Scholarship Council (201806200119) awarded to Shuxian Jin.


  • Age
  • COVID-19
  • Cross-cultural
  • Prosocial behavior
  • Social dilemma


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