Internalised and social experiences of HIV-induced stigma and discrimination in urban Ghana

Abdul Alhassan MUMIN, Razak Mohammed GYASI, Alexander Yao SEGBEFIA, David FORKUOR, John Kuumuori GANLE

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

3 Citations (Scopus)

Abstract

HIV-induced stigma and discrimination remain a prevalent global challenge especially in low-income countries which may compromise the emotional and social well-being of people living with HIV (PLHIV). Despite the efforts so far, the incidence of HIV-related stigma remains high in Ghana. Drawing on the Goffman’s theory of social stigma and interpretivist research paradigm, the paper explores the lived experiences of 123 PLHIV in HIV-endemic cities in Ghana. Findings suggest that PLHIV largely suffer from three levels of stigma—internal, received and associated—with complex discriminatory dimensions. PLHIV are stigmatised and discriminated against at home, in the community and in institutional settings. This is manifested through familial neglect, social exclusion and poor access to jobs and health services. These prejudices presaged suicidal ideations, non-disclosure of HIV serostatus, poor adherence to treatment interventions and further spread of the epidemic. Progressive social and health policy framework and programmes on eradicating HIV are pressing. These should conspicuously include HIV-related stigma and discrimination through behavioural change and culturally acceptable public education about the myths and realities surrounding HIV in order to mitigate the associated debilitating outcomes.
Original languageEnglish
Pages (from-to)83-93
JournalGlobal Social Welfare
Volume5
Issue number2
Early online date5 Mar 2018
DOIs
Publication statusPublished - Jun 2018

Fingerprint

Ghana
discrimination
experience
public education
health policy
prejudice
compromise
neglect
myth
health service
incidence
low income
exclusion
well-being
paradigm
community

Cite this

MUMIN, Abdul Alhassan ; GYASI, Razak Mohammed ; SEGBEFIA, Alexander Yao ; FORKUOR, David ; GANLE, John Kuumuori. / Internalised and social experiences of HIV-induced stigma and discrimination in urban Ghana. In: Global Social Welfare. 2018 ; Vol. 5, No. 2. pp. 83-93.
@article{456f2ff5fa354dce8ec5ddab617e59a6,
title = "Internalised and social experiences of HIV-induced stigma and discrimination in urban Ghana",
abstract = "HIV-induced stigma and discrimination remain a prevalent global challenge especially in low-income countries which may compromise the emotional and social well-being of people living with HIV (PLHIV). Despite the efforts so far, the incidence of HIV-related stigma remains high in Ghana. Drawing on the Goffman’s theory of social stigma and interpretivist research paradigm, the paper explores the lived experiences of 123 PLHIV in HIV-endemic cities in Ghana. Findings suggest that PLHIV largely suffer from three levels of stigma—internal, received and associated—with complex discriminatory dimensions. PLHIV are stigmatised and discriminated against at home, in the community and in institutional settings. This is manifested through familial neglect, social exclusion and poor access to jobs and health services. These prejudices presaged suicidal ideations, non-disclosure of HIV serostatus, poor adherence to treatment interventions and further spread of the epidemic. Progressive social and health policy framework and programmes on eradicating HIV are pressing. These should conspicuously include HIV-related stigma and discrimination through behavioural change and culturally acceptable public education about the myths and realities surrounding HIV in order to mitigate the associated debilitating outcomes.",
author = "MUMIN, {Abdul Alhassan} and GYASI, {Razak Mohammed} and SEGBEFIA, {Alexander Yao} and David FORKUOR and GANLE, {John Kuumuori}",
year = "2018",
month = "6",
doi = "10.1007/s40609-018-0111-2",
language = "English",
volume = "5",
pages = "83--93",
journal = "Global Social Welfare",
issn = "2196-8799",
publisher = "Springer Nature Switzerland AG",
number = "2",

}

Internalised and social experiences of HIV-induced stigma and discrimination in urban Ghana. / MUMIN, Abdul Alhassan; GYASI, Razak Mohammed; SEGBEFIA, Alexander Yao; FORKUOR, David; GANLE, John Kuumuori.

In: Global Social Welfare, Vol. 5, No. 2, 06.2018, p. 83-93.

Research output: Journal PublicationsJournal Article (refereed)

TY - JOUR

T1 - Internalised and social experiences of HIV-induced stigma and discrimination in urban Ghana

AU - MUMIN, Abdul Alhassan

AU - GYASI, Razak Mohammed

AU - SEGBEFIA, Alexander Yao

AU - FORKUOR, David

AU - GANLE, John Kuumuori

PY - 2018/6

Y1 - 2018/6

N2 - HIV-induced stigma and discrimination remain a prevalent global challenge especially in low-income countries which may compromise the emotional and social well-being of people living with HIV (PLHIV). Despite the efforts so far, the incidence of HIV-related stigma remains high in Ghana. Drawing on the Goffman’s theory of social stigma and interpretivist research paradigm, the paper explores the lived experiences of 123 PLHIV in HIV-endemic cities in Ghana. Findings suggest that PLHIV largely suffer from three levels of stigma—internal, received and associated—with complex discriminatory dimensions. PLHIV are stigmatised and discriminated against at home, in the community and in institutional settings. This is manifested through familial neglect, social exclusion and poor access to jobs and health services. These prejudices presaged suicidal ideations, non-disclosure of HIV serostatus, poor adherence to treatment interventions and further spread of the epidemic. Progressive social and health policy framework and programmes on eradicating HIV are pressing. These should conspicuously include HIV-related stigma and discrimination through behavioural change and culturally acceptable public education about the myths and realities surrounding HIV in order to mitigate the associated debilitating outcomes.

AB - HIV-induced stigma and discrimination remain a prevalent global challenge especially in low-income countries which may compromise the emotional and social well-being of people living with HIV (PLHIV). Despite the efforts so far, the incidence of HIV-related stigma remains high in Ghana. Drawing on the Goffman’s theory of social stigma and interpretivist research paradigm, the paper explores the lived experiences of 123 PLHIV in HIV-endemic cities in Ghana. Findings suggest that PLHIV largely suffer from three levels of stigma—internal, received and associated—with complex discriminatory dimensions. PLHIV are stigmatised and discriminated against at home, in the community and in institutional settings. This is manifested through familial neglect, social exclusion and poor access to jobs and health services. These prejudices presaged suicidal ideations, non-disclosure of HIV serostatus, poor adherence to treatment interventions and further spread of the epidemic. Progressive social and health policy framework and programmes on eradicating HIV are pressing. These should conspicuously include HIV-related stigma and discrimination through behavioural change and culturally acceptable public education about the myths and realities surrounding HIV in order to mitigate the associated debilitating outcomes.

UR - http://commons.ln.edu.hk/sw_master/6811

U2 - 10.1007/s40609-018-0111-2

DO - 10.1007/s40609-018-0111-2

M3 - Journal Article (refereed)

VL - 5

SP - 83

EP - 93

JO - Global Social Welfare

JF - Global Social Welfare

SN - 2196-8799

IS - 2

ER -