International exposure and tax avoidance activities : an investigation of Chinese Listed Companies

M. K. Raymond WONG, Agnes W. Y. LO

Research output: Other Conference ContributionsConference Paper (other)

Abstract

China has witnessed a substantial growth in both foreign trades and foreign direct investments in the past decades. Due to this increasing exposure of international business, listed companies in China have expanding amount of cross-border transactions and multinational investments. To explore the impacts of international exposure on firms’ business decisions, this paper aims to investigate whether corporate internationalization affects tax avoidance activities in China. Based on 2,234 firm-year observations during the period 2001–2007, our empirical analyses show that firms that have top management teams (TMTs) with international exposure are more likely to shift profits to low-tax rate period than are firms without such TMTs. TMT’s international exposure is also found to be associated with lower effective tax rates (i.e., higher overall tax avoidance activities). By contrast, we do not find any significant difference in overall tax avoidance activities between firms with and without foreign subsidiaries. These findings are robust after controlling for various model specifications. Our research highlights the importance of international exposure of corporate management in affecting tax avoidance activities during globalizing China. The findings would be insightful for investors, accounting practitioners, and tax regulators in assessing tax avoidance activities of firms. They would also be helpful for corporations in selecting appropriate executives in devising tax strategies.
Original languageEnglish
Publication statusPublished - 30 May 2018
Event41st Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association - Bocconi University, Milano, Italy
Duration: 30 May 20181 Jun 2018
http://eaa2018.eaacongress.org/r/home

Conference

Conference41st Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association
Abbreviated titleEAA 2018
CountryItaly
CityMilano
Period30/05/181/06/18
Internet address

Fingerprint

Listed companies
Tax avoidance
China
Top management teams
Tax
Model specification
Multinationals
Cross-border
Foreign subsidiaries
International business
Internationalization
Investors
Foreign trade
Effective tax rates
Corporate management
Profit
Foreign direct investment
Tax rate

Cite this

WONG, M. K. R., & LO, A. W. Y. (2018). International exposure and tax avoidance activities : an investigation of Chinese Listed Companies. Paper presented at 41st Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association, Milano, Italy.
WONG, M. K. Raymond ; LO, Agnes W. Y. / International exposure and tax avoidance activities : an investigation of Chinese Listed Companies. Paper presented at 41st Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association, Milano, Italy.
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WONG, MKR & LO, AWY 2018, 'International exposure and tax avoidance activities : an investigation of Chinese Listed Companies', Paper presented at 41st Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association, Milano, Italy, 30/05/18 - 1/06/18.

International exposure and tax avoidance activities : an investigation of Chinese Listed Companies. / WONG, M. K. Raymond; LO, Agnes W. Y.

2018. Paper presented at 41st Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association, Milano, Italy.

Research output: Other Conference ContributionsConference Paper (other)

TY - CONF

T1 - International exposure and tax avoidance activities : an investigation of Chinese Listed Companies

AU - WONG, M. K. Raymond

AU - LO, Agnes W. Y.

PY - 2018/5/30

Y1 - 2018/5/30

N2 - China has witnessed a substantial growth in both foreign trades and foreign direct investments in the past decades. Due to this increasing exposure of international business, listed companies in China have expanding amount of cross-border transactions and multinational investments. To explore the impacts of international exposure on firms’ business decisions, this paper aims to investigate whether corporate internationalization affects tax avoidance activities in China. Based on 2,234 firm-year observations during the period 2001–2007, our empirical analyses show that firms that have top management teams (TMTs) with international exposure are more likely to shift profits to low-tax rate period than are firms without such TMTs. TMT’s international exposure is also found to be associated with lower effective tax rates (i.e., higher overall tax avoidance activities). By contrast, we do not find any significant difference in overall tax avoidance activities between firms with and without foreign subsidiaries. These findings are robust after controlling for various model specifications. Our research highlights the importance of international exposure of corporate management in affecting tax avoidance activities during globalizing China. The findings would be insightful for investors, accounting practitioners, and tax regulators in assessing tax avoidance activities of firms. They would also be helpful for corporations in selecting appropriate executives in devising tax strategies.

AB - China has witnessed a substantial growth in both foreign trades and foreign direct investments in the past decades. Due to this increasing exposure of international business, listed companies in China have expanding amount of cross-border transactions and multinational investments. To explore the impacts of international exposure on firms’ business decisions, this paper aims to investigate whether corporate internationalization affects tax avoidance activities in China. Based on 2,234 firm-year observations during the period 2001–2007, our empirical analyses show that firms that have top management teams (TMTs) with international exposure are more likely to shift profits to low-tax rate period than are firms without such TMTs. TMT’s international exposure is also found to be associated with lower effective tax rates (i.e., higher overall tax avoidance activities). By contrast, we do not find any significant difference in overall tax avoidance activities between firms with and without foreign subsidiaries. These findings are robust after controlling for various model specifications. Our research highlights the importance of international exposure of corporate management in affecting tax avoidance activities during globalizing China. The findings would be insightful for investors, accounting practitioners, and tax regulators in assessing tax avoidance activities of firms. They would also be helpful for corporations in selecting appropriate executives in devising tax strategies.

M3 - Conference Paper (other)

ER -

WONG MKR, LO AWY. International exposure and tax avoidance activities : an investigation of Chinese Listed Companies. 2018. Paper presented at 41st Annual Congress of the European Accounting Association, Milano, Italy.