Introduction : rebuilding a welfare system for China's mixed economy

Chak Kwan CHAN*

*Corresponding author for this work

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1 Citation (Scopus)


Prior to its economic reform in 1978, China experienced great social and political turmoil as its leader Zedong Mao launched a nationwide ‘Cultural Revolution’, attacking ideologies and economic practices that violated Marxist doctrines. The Cultural Revolution marked one of the darkest times in Chinese history as the entire country was driven to engage in class struggles. All citizens were involved in political campaigns for getting rid of persons suspected of being followers of capitalism, against the communist party or against the proletarian revolution. Political repression had ‘affected absolutely all tiers of government’; and ‘the country was thoroughly disrupted’ (Abramyan 2008: 97). As a result of the Cultural Revolution, millions of people died and little effort was paid by the government to develop China’s economy between 1966 and 1976. By the end of the Cultural Revolution in 1976, China had devolved into being one of the most backward and poorest countries in the world.
Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationChina's social policy : transformation and challenges
EditorsKinglun Ngok, Chak Kwan Chan
Place of PublicationAbingdon, Oxon
PublisherTaylor and Francis
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9781317937005
ISBN (Print)9780415722056
Publication statusPublished - 1 Jan 2016
Externally publishedYes


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