Investigating the effectiveness of the uses of electronic and paper-based dictionaries in promoting incidental word learning

Di ZOU, Haoran XIE*, Fu Lee WANG, Tak Lam WONG, Qingyuan WU

*Corresponding author for this work

Research output: Book Chapters | Papers in Conference ProceedingsConference paper (refereed)Researchpeer-review

6 Citations (Scopus)


Although there are a numerous of studies in the facilitative effects of dictionary consultation in promoting word learning, no research has ever been conducted to investigate the effectiveness of a hybrid use of paper-based and electronic dictionaries. The present research, therefore, responds to this call and compares the effectiveness of the pure use of either paper-based or electronic dictionary and the hybrid use of both. The empirical results demonstrate the superiority of the paper-based dictionary over the electronic dictionary, the usefulness of repetition and the greater effectiveness of the hybrid use of both paper-based and electronic dictionary than the pure use of either. We further conclude that the significance of processing for constructing memory, repetition for consolidating memory and diversity for reinforcing memory should be emphasized.

Original languageEnglish
Title of host publicationHybrid Learning: Innovation in Educational Practices
EditorsLam-for KWOK, Joseph FONG, Simon K.S. CHEUNG, Harrison YANG, Joseph FONG, Reggie KWAN, Harrison YANG
Place of PublicationSwitzerland
PublisherSpringer-Verlag GmbH and Co. KG
Number of pages11
ISBN (Electronic)9783319206219
ISBN (Print)9783319206202
Publication statusPublished - 2015
Externally publishedYes
Event8th International Conference on Hybrid Learning - Wuhan, China
Duration: 27 Jul 201529 Jul 2015

Publication series

NameLecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics)
ISSN (Print)0302-9743
ISSN (Electronic)1611-3349


Conference8th International Conference on Hybrid Learning
Abbreviated titleICHL 2015
Internet address

Bibliographical note

The work described in this paper was fully supported by a grant from the Research Grants Council of the Hong Kong Special Administrative Region, China (UGC/FDS11/E06/14).


  • Hybrid usage
  • Incidental word learning
  • Paper-based and electronic dictionaries
  • Repetition


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